Countries

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Countries are the acting entities of Hearts of Iron 4. Each is controlled by a player or by AI and pursues its own National Focus tree during a game as well as choosing various political Ideas, engaging in Diplomacy, Construction, Research, Production, and the command of its military Units.

Each country belongs to one of four political Ideologies, which can change over a game, though there is no way to increase the Non-Aligned ideology without modding.

Majors[edit]

Countries in HOI4 are either major countries or minor countries, regardless of changes in size or strength during a game. In a war, once all AI-controlled majors on a side are defeated, that war is over regardless of how many minor countries remain. Major powers refer to ones with highest number of factories (within top 7, or 70% of the average of the top 7, but 35 factories minimum).

The major countries are as follows:

Each major has a unique National Focus tree. Several minor countries also have unique Nation Focus trees unlocked by DLC: Flag of Poland Poland in the free Poland: United and Ready DLC; and Flag of New Zealand New Zealand, Flag of South Africa South Africa, Flag of Dominion of Canada Dominion of Canada, Flag of Australia Australia, and the Flag of British Raj British Raj, in Together for Victory. Further National Focus trees may be released later in DLCs; all other minor countries currently use the generic National Focus tree.

World Map[edit]

Political map, 1936.
Countries and victory points.
Country Tag Ideology States Research slots Core population (M) Non-core population (M) Victory points Building slots Military factory Naval dockyard Civilian factory Total factories Oil Aluminum Rubber Tungsten Steel Chromium Total resources Air base levels Naval base levels
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan AFG Non-Aligned 2 2 6.27 6 6 1 2 3 3 3
Flag of Albania Albania ALB Non-Aligned 1 2 1.00 5 4 1 2 3 3 3 6 3 4
Flag of Angola Angola ANG Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Republic of Armenia Republic of Armenia ARM Non-Aligned 2 0
Flag of Argentina Argentina ARG Non-Aligned 6 2 11.90 14 23 3 1 12 16 18 46 8 72 6 11
Flag of Australia Australia (dominion of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) AST Democratic 11 2 6.53 1.57 104 29 4 2 11 17 36 40 6 82 15 37
Flag of Austria Austria AUS Non-Aligned 3 3 6.53 50 18 3 9 12 2 1 8 11 9
Flag of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Azerbaijan Democratic Republic AZR Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Belarus Belarus BLR Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Belgium Belgium BEL Democratic 5 3 8.13 11.46 84 21 6 12 18 2 48 50 4 4
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan BHU Non-Aligned 1 2 0.45 3 4 1 2 3 2 2
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia BOL Non-Aligned 2 2 2.38 5 7 1 6 7 102 2 104 2
Flag of Botswana Botswana BOT Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Brazil Brazil BRA Non-Aligned 12 2 40.27 43 41 3 2 18 23 4 30 4 38 14 22
Flag of British Malaya British Malaya (integrated puppet of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) MAL Democratic 2 3 3.78 12 7 1 1 18 920 308 32 1278 6 17
Flag of British Raj British Raj (colony of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) RAJ Non-Aligned 25 2 350.52 47 70 2 1 14 17 10 2 32 266 64 70 444 21 29
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria BUL Non-Aligned 3 2 6.08 25 16 3 10 13 2 2 5 4
Flag of Republic of Cambodia Republic of Cambodia CAM Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Chile Chile CHL Democratic 3 2 4.29 11 11 1 9 10 24 24 4 9
Flag of China China CHI Non-Aligned 15 2 330.99 118 75 6 1 14 21 2 8 36 46 14 26
Flag of Colombia Colombia COL Democratic 3 2 8.00 16 11 1 7 8 20 20 6 6
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica COS Democratic 1 2 0.50 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Cuba Cuba CUB Democratic 1 2 3.61 6 4 1 3 4 4 160 164 1 4
Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia CZE Democratic 9 3 15.03 37 36 7 14 21 2 28 30 13
Flag of Denmark Denmark DEN Democratic 5 3 3.87 29 14 2 2 7 11 10 10 8 19
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic DOM Fascism 1 2 1.26 6 4 1 3 4 1 1 1 2
Flag of Dominion of Canada Dominion of Canada (dominion of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) CAN Democratic 15 3 10.20 79 35 5 1 13 19 2 30 12 44 14 20
Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies (integrated puppet of Flag of Netherlands Netherlands) INS Non-Aligned 2 60.83 0 0
Flag of East Germany East Germany DDR Communism 4 0 0
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador ECU Democratic 2 2 2.01 6 6 1 4 5 2 2 1 5
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador ELS Fascism 1 2 1.44 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Estonia Estonia EST Non-Aligned 2 3 1.11 6 6 1 3 4 3 3 2 4
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia ETH Non-Aligned 1 2 10.01 7 4 2 2 4 2 2 1
Flag of Finland Finland FIN Non-Aligned 8 3 3.67 24 21 3 1 7 11 12 2 14 5 11
Flag of France France FRA Democratic 56 3 44.77 66.45 328 170 6 8 36 50 508 94 38 888 186 1714 108 102
Flag of Republic of Georgia Republic of Georgia GEO Non-Aligned 2 2.95 0 0
Flag of German Reich German Reich GER Fascism 21 4 65.47 232 154 40 10 32 82 4 158 4 470 4 640 47 33
Flag of Greece Greece GRE Non-Aligned 7 3 6.12 26 23 4 1 8 13 58 20 24 68 170 10 22
Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique GXC Non-Aligned 5 2 50.12 19 22 2 5 7 64 70 16 150 6 8
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala GUA Non-Aligned 1 2 1.77 3 4 1 2 3 6 6 1 2
Flag of Haiti Haiti HAI Democratic 1 2 2.38 5 4 1 2 3 3 3 1 3
Flag of Honduras Honduras HON Democratic 1 2 0.86 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 2
Flag of Hungary Hungary HUN Fascism 3 3 8.68 26 20 6 10 16 1 194 4 199 9
Flag of Iceland Iceland ICE Democratic 3 0 0
Flag of Independent State of Croatia Independent State of Croatia CRO Fascism 2 0 0
Flag of Iran Iran PER Non-Aligned 12 2 12.59 21 22 1 4 5 68 68 3 7
Flag of Iraq Iraq IRQ Non-Aligned 3 2 3.35 7 8 1 2 3 32 32 4 1
Flag of Ireland Ireland IRE Democratic 3 3 2.97 6 14 1 8 9 2 3 5 3 6
Flag of Israel Israel ISR Democratic 2 0.93 0 0
Flag of Italy Italy ITA Fascism 25 4 41.35 2.35 186 97 19 11 20 50 100 2 96 4 202 72 114
Flag of Japan Japan JAP Fascism 29 4 64.89 67.39 323 118 22 15 26 63 4 8 62 104 88 266 46 87
Flag of Jordan Jordan JOR Democratic 2 0 0
Flag of Kenya Kenya KEN Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Kingdom of Egypt Kingdom of Egypt EGY Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Kingdom of Libya Kingdom of Libya LBA Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Korea Korea KOR Democratic 2 21.08 0 0
Flag of Republic of Laos Republic of Laos LAO Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Latvia Latvia LAT Non-Aligned 2 3 1.90 6 8 1 4 5 2 2 3 4
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon LEB Democratic 2 0 0
Flag of Liberia Liberia LIB Democratic 1 2 0.74 3 2 1 1 2 4 4 2
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania LIT Non-Aligned 3 3 2.20 6 10 1 4 5 3 3 4 2
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg LUX Democratic 1 2 0.29 5 4 1 3 4 8 8
Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo (integrated puppet of Flag of Japan Japan) MAN Fascist 6 2 35.35 0 0
Flag of Mengkukuo Mengkukuo (integrated puppet of Flag of Japan Japan) MEN Fascism 2 2 2.04 3 3 1 1 2 36 36
Flag of Mexico Mexico MEX Non-Aligned 13 2 16.40 14 38 3 8 11 48 10 4 62 9 22
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia MON Communism 1 2 0.77 6 4 1 3 4 2 3 5 1
Flag of Republic of Montenegro Republic of Montenegro MNT Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique MZB Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Nepal Nepal NEP Non-Aligned 1 2 5.57 3 4 1 2 3 2 2
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands HOL Democratic 13 3 8.16 60.76 85 48 4 4 13 21 50 18 716 8 792 13 53
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand (dominion of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) NZL Democratic 2 2 1.45 17 8 1 4 5 6 6 4 6
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua NIC Non-Aligned 1 2 0.68 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Norway Norway NOR Democratic 4 3 2.93 18 14 2 1 6 9 30 20 12 2 64 6 24
Flag of Oman Oman OMA Non-Aligned 1 2 0.37 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 3
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan PAK Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Palestine Palestine PAL Democratic 2 0 0
Flag of Panama Panama PAN Democratic 1 2 0.47 5 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 4
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay PAR Communism 2 2 0.94 5 5 1 3 4 4 2 6 1
Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China PRC Communism 1 2 7.91 4 6 4 2 6 3 4 7
Flag of Peru Peru PRU Fascism 5 2 6.15 6 14 1 8 9 18 2 20 5 5
Flag of Philippines Philippines (puppet of Flag of United States United States) PHI Democratic 7 2 13.09 23 22 1 5 6 2 2 6 10
Flag of Poland Poland POL Non-Aligned 15 3 31.92 54 64 9 1 17 27 4 20 24 35 5
Flag of Portugal Portugal POR Non-Aligned 14 3 15.66 0.16 48 26 2 2 10 14 376 376 5 26
Flag of Romania Romania ROM Democratic 10 3 18.05 36 26 7 2 13 22 70 6 4 80 7 12
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia SAU Non-Aligned 3 2 2.95 7 3 1 1 2 3 3 11
Flag of Serbia Serbia SER Non-Aligned 3 0 0
Flag of Shanxi Shanxi SHX Non-Aligned 2 2 13.68 3 5 2 3 5 0
Flag of Siam Siam SIA Non-Aligned 2 2 14.46 13 8 1 5 6 80 2 82 3 3
Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang SIK Communism 4 2 4.36 3 6 1 4 5 2 3 5
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia (puppet of Flag of German Reich German Reich) SLO Fascism 2 0 0
Flag of South Africa South Africa (dominion of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain) SAF Democratic 4 2 9.74 24 16 1 9 10 8 196 204 5 8
Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union SOV Communism 128 3 161.23 413 392 36 6 42 84 224 156 102 652 416 1550 156 52
Flag of Spain Spain SPR Democratic 18 3 24.96 0.74 78 75 7 4 16 27 2 6 68 76 30 46
Flag of Sweden Sweden SWE Democratic 7 3 6.08 0.06 40 29 3 3 9 15 4 70 202 40 316 12 25
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland SWI Democratic 2 3 4.07 25 14 4 7 11 52 52 4
Flag of Syria Syria SYR Democratic 2 0 0
Flag of Tannu Tuva Tannu Tuva TAN Communism 1 2 0.09 3 2 1 1 2 2 2
Flag of Tibet Tibet TIB Non-Aligned 1 2 3.72 5 4 1 2 3 2 2
Flag of Turkey Turkey TUR Non-Aligned 18 3 14.44 46 48 4 1 10 15 20 344 364 16 28
Flag of Republic of Ukraine Republic of Ukraine UKR Non-Aligned 36.17 5 1 7 13 20 0 56 0 22 98
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom ENG Democratic 74 4 45.53 78.18 306 177 14 19 34 67 42 144 1042 352 404 238 2222 111 198
Flag of United States United States USA Democratic 53 4 125.00 438 259 10 22 128 160 1208 308 218 920 2 2656 118 122
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay URG Democratic 1 2 1.73 5 8 1 1 6 8 2 2 4 1 6
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela VEN Fascism 3 2 3.16 6 11 1 7 8 184 184 2 10
Flag of Republic of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam VIN Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of West Germany West Germany WGR Democratic 4 0 0
Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma XSM Non-Aligned 3 2 11.98 14 9 1 3 4 1 1
Flag of Yemen Yemen YEM Non-Aligned 1 2 2.49 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 1
Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia YUG Non-Aligned 9 3 13.95 28 37 3 1 14 18 154 4 152 310 9 5
Flag of Yunnan Yunnan YUN Non-Aligned 1 2 11.99 13 4 1 3 4 3 3
Flag of Zaire Zaire COG Non-Aligned 2 0 0
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe ZIM Non-Aligned 2 0 0

'Note: A tag is a three-letter code for a country that doesn't vary with localization or with changes in ideology, unlike a name (GER is always the same country, even though it's called the German Reich when fascist and Germany when democratic). Console commands require referring to countries by tag, and they're sometimes also used as fan jargon.

Note: Any countries created after the game starts will be given a tag D## (with the ## ascending based on the number of new nations already created).

Further reading[edit]

Countries
Europe

Albania.png Albania Austria.png Austria Belgium.png Belgium Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia Denmark.png Denmark Estonia.png Estonia Finland.png Finland France.png France German Reich.png German Reich Greece.png Greece Hungary.png Hungary Ireland.png Ireland Italy.png Italy Latvia.png Latvia Lithuania.png Lithuania Luxembourg.png Luxembourg Nationalist Spain.png Nationalist Spain Netherlands.png Netherlands Norway.png Norway Poland.png Poland Portugal.png Portugal Republican Spain.png Republican Spain Kingdom of Romania.png Kingdom of Romania Slovakia.png Slovakia Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Sweden.png Sweden Switzerland.png Switzerland Turkey.png Turkey United Kingdom.png United Kingdom Vichy France.png Vichy France Yugoslavia.png Yugoslavia

North America

Dominion of Canada.png Dominion of Canada Costa Rica.png Costa Rica Cuba.png Cuba Dominican Republic.png Dominican Rep. El Salvador.png El Salvador Guatemala.png Guatemala Haiti.png Haiti Honduras.png Honduras Mexico.png Mexico Republic of Nicaragua.png Republic of Nicaragua Panama.png Panama United States.png United States

South America

Argentina.png Argentina Bolivia.png Bolivia Brazil.png Brazil Chile.png Chile Colombia.png Colombia Ecuador.png Ecuador Paraguay.png Paraguay Peru.png Peru Uruguay.png Uruguay Venezuela.png Venezuela

Asia

Afghanistan.png Afghanistan Bhutan.png Bhutan British Raj.png British Raj China.png China Chinese People's Republic.png People's Republic of China Guangxi Clique.png Guangxi Clique India.png India Iran.png Iran Iraq.png Iraq Israel.png Israel Japan.png Japan Jordan.png Jordan Korea.png Korea Lebanon.png Lebanon Manchukuo.png Manchukuo Mengkukuo.png Mengkukuo Mongolia.png Mongolia Nepal.png Nepal Oman.png Oman Palestine.png Palestine Philippines.png Philippines Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia Shanxi.png Shanxi Siam.png Siam Sinkiang.png Sinkiang Syria.png Syria Tannu Tuva.png Tannu Tuva Tibet.png Tibet Xibei San Ma.png Xibei San Ma Yemen.png Yemen Yunnan.png Yunnan

Africa

Egypt.png Egypt Ethiopia.png Ethiopia Liberia.png Liberia South Africa.png South Africa

Oceania

Australia.png Australia New Zealand.png New Zealand