Finland

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Finland
Finland.png
Capital:
Helsinki

Government Type:
Authoritarian Regime

Faction:
Neutral

Finland is a minor nation in northern Europe. Finland starts with a population of 3.67 million in both start dates.

Historical background[edit]

Finland was a large yet culturally independent region of Flag of Sweden Sweden, first attached in the early 12th century. Finland was ceded to Russia after the Finnish War of 1809. Following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and Russia's internal turmoil, Finland declared itself independent. After a brief yet very destructive civil war in 1918, Finland was formally recognized as an independent nation.

After 20 years of independence, Finland was attacked by the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union in 1939, leading to the Winter War in 1939-1940. Against all odds, the badly outnumbered and under-equipped Finnish army was able to repel the soviet attacks until a grand offensive in 1940 finally forced the country to surrender. Finland lost about 12.5% of its territory (equivalent to the states of Salla and Viipuri in-game) but survived as an indepedent nation, unlike the Baltic states which were annexed into the Soviet union earlier.

In 1941, the Soviets bombed several Finnish cities, causing Finland to declare war on the Soviet Union, initiating the Continuation War. During said war, Finland fought as an ally to the Flag of German Reich German Reich and Flag of Italy Italy and invaded eastern Karelia (equivalent to the states of Onega and Olonets in-game) in addition to reconquering the territory lost during the Winter War. Despite pressure from Germany, Finland refused to attack Leningrad or sever the Murmansk railway and fought the Continuation War largely separately from Germany. The conquest of eastern Karelia and the seemingly unstoppable Wehrmacht led many in the Finnish fascist party IKL (Isänmaallinen Kansanliike) to dream of a "Greater Finland" encompassing perhaps even all of Scandinavia and the Baltic states.

In 1944, a soviet grand offensive involving a force larger than the allied invasion force of D-day forced the Finns to fall back, the attack was stopped roughly at the pre-1939 border and a ceasefire was agreed upon shortly after. Finland signed an armistice with the Soviets in early 1945, making it the last European Axis country to surrender before the fall of Germany and after expelling the remaining Germans from Finnish soil in the Lapland War, the Second World War was finally over for Finland's part. A final peace treaty with the rest of the allies was signed in 1947. Of note, Finland was the only Axis power that survived the Second World War without being occupied by a foreign power, be it during or after the war.

Events[edit]

Main article: Finnish events

Technology[edit]

1936[edit]

Finland has researched:

  • 1922 Heavy Cruiser "Väinämöinen Class"
  • 1922 Submarines "Vetehinen Class"
  • 1936 Weapons 1
  • 1934 Artillery
  • 1936 Engineer Company
  • 1936 Recon Company
  • And everything that is needed to research these

1939[edit]

Finland has researched:

  • 1922 Heavy Cruiser "Väinämöinen Class"
  • 1922 Submarines "Vetehinen Class"
  • 1936 Engineer Company
  • 1936 Recon Company
  • 1938 Support Weapons 2
  • 1938 Improved Infantry Equipment 1
  • 1936 Anti-Air
  • 1936 Interwar Artillery
  • 1936 Anti-Tank
  • Grand Battle Plan
  • Battlefleet Concentration
  • Submarine Operations
  • 1933 Fighter
  • 1936 Close Air Support
  • 1933 Bomber
  • Fighter Baiting
  • 1936 Radio Detection
  • 1938 Computing machine
  • 1939 Advanced Machine Tools
  • 1939 Dispersed Industry 3
  • 1939 Construction 3
  • Improved Oil Plant
  • And everything that is needed to research these

Diplomacy[edit]

Alliances[edit]

At the 1936 and the 1939 start dates Finland has no alliances.

Politics[edit]

National Spirit[edit]

Finland starts with one National Spirit:

Sisu icon
Sisu
  • Division Recovery Rate: +25%
  • Division attrition: −10%
  • Division Attack on core territory +20%
  • Division Defense on core territory +20%
Sisu is the uniquely Finnish expression for the resilience of the nation's people. Finland has faced harsh odds and will do so again.

National Focus[edit]

Finland isn't a major nation, and therefore uses the generic national focus tree.

Ideology[edit]

Finland starts in 1936 as non-aligned and the ruling party is Suomen Keskusta. The leader is Kyösti Kallio. Elections are held every three years.

In 1939 Finland starts as democratic. The ruling party is SDP (Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue) and the leader is Risto Heikki Ryti. Elections are held every three years.

Laws[edit]

Finland starts with following laws in both 1936 and 1939:

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Limited Conscription.png Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 30% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • –5% Research time
  • +10% Factory output
  • +10% Construction speed

Ministers[edit]

Political Advisors

Advisor Type Effect Cost
Ralf Törngren Ideological Crusader Same ideology opinion: +100.0% 150 pp
Åke Henrik Gartz Captain of Industry Civilian Factory construction Speed: +10.0%, Infrastructure construction speed: +10.0%, Refinery construction speed: +10.0% 150 pp
Antti Hackzell Silent Workhorse Political Power Gain: +15.0% 150 pp
Otto Ville Kuusinen Communist Revolutionary Daily Communism Support +0.10, Gain event 'Communism on the Rise' 150 pp
Onni A. Hiltunen Democratic Reformer Daily Democracy Support +0.10, Gain event 'Move Towards Democracy' 150 pp
Bruno Salmiala Fascist Demagogue Daily Fascism Support +0.10, Gain event 'Fascism on the Rise' 150 pp

Economy[edit]

Factories 1936
Military factory
3 Military Factories
Naval dockyard
1 Naval Dockyard
Civilian factory
7 Civilian Factories
Factories 1939
Military factory
4 Military Factories
Naval dockyard
4 Naval Dockyard
Civilian factory
8 Civilian Factories

Resources[edit]

Finland have very few resources.

Total resources 1936
Oil.png
Oil
Rubber.png
Rubber
Steel.png
Steel
Aluminum.png
Aluminum
Tungsten.png
Tungsten
Chromium.png
Chromium
0 0 12 0 0 2

These numbers represent the produced resources, depending on trade law a certain amount may be traded away.

Military[edit]

Finland starts with a strong army compared to the other Nordic countries, but it is small compared to the major powers.

Army[edit]

Finland starts in 1936 with 1 cavalry (2 cavalry battalions + recon company) and 17 infantry divisions. 10 ("Jalkaväkidivisioona") of them include 6 infantry battalions and an engineer company, and the other 7 divisions ("Erillinen Prikaati") include 3 infantry battalions and an engineer company.

In 1939 Finland starts with all the same divisions, but with one less "Erillinen Prikaati" division.

Navy[edit]

In 1936 and 1939 Finland's navy consists of 2 fleets. "Rannikkolaivue" include 2 heavy cruisers. "Sukellusvenelaivue" consists of 4 submarines.

Air Force[edit]

In 1936 Finland does not have an air force.

In 1939 Finland has:

  • 28 Close Air Supports
  • 45 Fighters

Strategies and Guides[edit]

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