From Hearts of Iron 4 Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Government Type:
Democratic Republic


France is a major power in 1936, one of the winners of the Great War, and in control of a globe-spanning empire. Their heartland in Europe is rich; almost half of Africa is under their control; and they have colonies in Indochina, Syria and Guyana, not to mention direct control of islands in all the oceans of the world.

Historical Background[edit]

Flag of France France, along with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, guaranteed the independence of Flag of Poland Poland prior to its invasion by Flag of Germany Germany. Feeling secured by the Maginot Line in the Eastern provinces of Alsace-Lorraine, France declared war against Germany with the United Kingdom. However the Allied armies were defeated in just six weeks during the Battle of France against Germany and Flag of Italy Italy, in contrast to the years-long campaign expect by both sides. Thinking their chances poor regardless, Germany gambled on a decisive victory by sending Panzer divisions through Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg and the Ardennes forested hills, terrain which the French supreme commander Gamelin thought unable to sustain tank movements. The Panzers then drove — without waiting for infantry to secure their supply lines — through France to the English Channel, surrounding the bulk of the Allied forces which had been sent to Flag of Belgium Belgium's border with Germany aiming to deny them room for mobile warfare and overconfident that their main thrust would be through Belgium as in WWI's Schlieffen Plan.

The British evacuated their expeditionary forces and what Allied units they could until Dunkirk fell. And soon, France effectively surrendered — a defeat which caused great astonishment to the rest of the world, as France was a leading world power that only 20 years earlier had won the Great War.

France sued for peace and, in a German-dictated armistice, was divided between a German occupied zone, in the north and along the Atlantic coast, and the free zone in the south. Germany wholly annexed the Alsace-Lorraine, while Italy occupied Corsica and Nice.

Philippe Pétain, a hero of WWI, took control of France's government. The authoritarian regime of Pétain was called the “État Français” but, as the government moved from Paris to the city of Vichy, is more often called “Vichy France”.

The Petain regime soon engaged in collaboration with Germany, believing the Axis would be the winners of WWII, and Hitler the leader in the fight against international communism.

In England, General Charles de Gaulle launched his famous "Appel du 18 juin" calling all soldiers to join him to continue the fight against the Axis, thus creating what would later be known as the Free French Army which fought alongside the Allies.

In the French colonies, some remained loyal to Vichy France (Algeria), and some preferred to join the Free French.

After the invasion of Algeria in November 1942 by Allied troops in "Operation Torch", Germany invaded Vichy France, in order to take control of Mediterranean ports and the remains of the French Navy in Toulon harbor. The crews scuttled their ships, instead of being caught by German troops.

The Free French Army participated in the invasion of Normandy in "Operation Overlord", with a special air service on D-day, and later in the battle of Normandy with a armored division (2eme Division Blindée, led by General Leclerc), which was part of 3rd Army under US General Patton. Leclerc's forces were authorized to be the first to liberate Paris.

After the Liberation of France, General de Gaulle became the head of the provisional government, until the 4th French Republic formed in 1946.


Main article: French events

National focus[edit]

Main article: French national focus tree
French national focus tree.

The French national focus tree can be divided into 4 branches:

Industrial branch
This branch offers the possibility to develop Metropolitan France and the overseas region, as well as two more research slots.
Defensive and aggressive branch
These branches are mutually exclusive. They end with the shard focus Army Reform icon Army Reform which removes the starting national spirit Victors of the Great WarVictors of the Great War. (This focus can only be taken after removing Disjointed GovernmentDisjointed Government via the government reform branch.)
Government Reform branch
This branch contains of various diplomatic focuses and focuses to change the ideology of the government. All possible mutually exclusive branches contain a focus to remove the crippling Disjointed GovernmentDisjointed Government national spirit.
Navy and air force branch
This branch includes focuses which grant experience and research boni to improve in these domains.


France starts with very good tanks, having unlocked 2 levels of the light tanks tree. This is offset by a major penalty to doctrine research, making it extremely time consuming to develop proper doctrines. In addition, France's focus tree lacks many research boosts that other majors (and even minors) do have, such as artillery, infantry equipment and industry. Combined with having one less research slot than Italy, this makes France a technologically weak country by the time Germany invades.

France is the only nation to start with Battlecruiser II, a 1940 technology.

Army Technology Naval Technology Air Technology Electronics & Industry
  • Infantry Eq. I
  • Motorized
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Recon Company I
  • Light Tank II
  • Towed Artillery I
  • Towed Anti-Air I
  • Destroyer II
  • Light Cruiser II
  • Heavy Cruiser II
  • Battlecruiser II
  • Battleship I
    • Upgraded Bretagne Class
  • Carrier I
  • Submarine II
  • Transport Ship
  • Interwar Fighter
    • Interwar Carrier Fighter
  • Interwar Bomber
  • Close Air Support I
  • Naval Bomber I
    • Carrier Naval Bomber I
  • Tactical Bomber I
  • None
  • None


National Spirits[edit]

France starts with three National Spirits:

Victors of the Great War icon
Victors of the Great War
  • Recruitable Population: −0.3%
  • Land Doctrine Research Time: +75%
Having emerged victorious from the Great War, the army has developed a dangerously complacent attitude which causes strategic developments to come slowly and with some reluctance.
Disjointed Government icon
Disjointed Government
  • Daily Political Power Cost: +0.8
  • National Unity: −10%
The state of French politics is far from stable. While reforms are needed and welcome, the nation is divided and getting drawn into a conflict would put it at great risk.
Protected by the Maginot Line icon
Protected by the Maginot Line
  • Max Planning: +25%
  • Planning Speed: −25%
Having fortified the border gives France the opportunity to plan and prepare carefully, but it does sacrifice some flexibility in the event of something unexpected.

Disjointed Government, and Protected by the Maginot Line can be removed by completing National Focuses in the Government Reform branch.

Victors of the Great War can be removed by completing National Focuses in the Defensive or Aggressive branches.

Political Parties[edit]

Political Party Ideology Popularity Party Leader Country Name Is Ruling?
Parti Radical Democracy Democratic 69% Édouard Daladier France Yes
Parti Communiste Francais Communism Communist 30% Maurice Thorez French Commune No
Mouvement Franciste Fascism Fascist 1% Philippe Pétain Vichy France No
Non-Aligned Neutrality Non-Aligned 0% Random Leader Bourbon France No


France starts outside of the Allies at the start of 1936, but has options to join later. They also have focuses to form their own faction with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia and invite Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia and Flag of Romania Romania to form the Little Entente.

France has focuses to intervene in the Spanish Civil War, either for the Nationalists or Republicans, but these require first becoming fascist or communist.

Diplomatic Rules[edit]

Rule Whether it applies Reason
Can declare war on country of the same ideology group without a war goal No Democracy
Can Guarantee other Ideologies Yes Democracy
Can join Factions led by another Ideology Yes Democracy
Can create Factions No No National Spirit. Requires National Focus
Lowers World Tension with Guarantees Yes Democracy
Can puppet a country No Democracy
Can justify wargoals against a country that have not generated world tension No Democracy


Brief overview of nation's intelligence capability in 1936.


France has access to all the AluminumAluminum and SteelSteel they could ever dream of using. They are also controlling some of the biggest supplies of TungstenTungsten and RubberRubber from their Asian colonies. They have no access to OilOil so they need to import that.


Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Limited Conscription.png Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 30% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • –5% Research time
  • +10% Factory output
  • +10% Construction speed


Factories 1936
Military factory
6 Military Factories
Naval dockyard
8 Naval Dockyard
Civilian factory
36 Civilian Factories

Military production is dwarfed by Germany (40) and Italy (19) and only on par with Belgium. You can also expect production to be crippled by the 1936 strikes. However, the very good civilian production allows for considerable military buildup in the years before the war.


Total resources 1936
0 94 888 508 38 186

These numbers represent the base available resources, depending on trade law a certain ammount may be traded away.

France has access to huge amounts of SteelSteel and AluminumAluminum. They also control large supplies of RubberRubber and TungstenTungsten from their Asian colonies. They have no access to OilOil so they need to import that.

Staff and Designers[edit]


France relies on the heavy fortifications at the border against Germany to defend them there.


France has 74 divisions in 1936, but several of those are colonial divisions with only two infantry battalions, and their armored divisions are basically brigades. They rely on the heavy fortifications at the border against Germany to defend them there.

Examples of alternative division template names for France include:

  • Mountaineers - Division d'Infanterie Alpine
  • Marines - Division d'Infanterie de Marine
  • Paratroopers - Division Aéroportée
  • Motorized - Division d'Infanterie Motorisée
  • Mechanized - Division d'Infanterie Mécanique
  • Armor - Division Blindée


Capital ships 1936
1 Carriers
5 Battleships
Heavy Cruiser.png
7 Heavy Cruisers
Screens and Submarines 1936
Light Cruiser.png
7 Light Cruisers
52 Destroyers
57 Submarines

France has 1 CV, 5 BB, 7 CA, 7 CL, 52 DD and 57 SS at the start, and boasts a reasonably modern - if understrength - fleet. Whilst the Marine Nationale is strong enough to decisively defeat either the Kreigsmarine or the Regia Marina alone, it would have no chance against a combined Axis fleet. As with her tanks, France begins the game with modern naval technology, such as 1936 CA, CL, DD and SS techs, and even 1940 BC tech. However, poor naval infrastructure and low shipbuilding priority means that constructing a large modern fleet is not easy, and in fact can often be counter-productive in that it denies vital raw materials from tank and motorized production.

As of the v1.3 patch, the old Courbet-class dreadnought battleships Courbet and Paris have been added, and the battlecruisers Dunkerque and Strasbourg are under construction in 1936.

In 1939, the modern Richelieu-class battleships Richelieu, Jean Bart and Clemenceau are under construction.

This means all of France's capital ships are now correctly available.

Air Force[edit]

Aircraft 1936
Air Skirmish.png
457 Fighters
Naval Strike Tactics.png
44 Naval Bombers
204 Tactical Bombers

France starts with 457 fighters, 48 Naval Bombers and 204 modern Tactical Bombers. It is a rather good airforce, but it will need to be significantly strengthened before the war starts.

Strategies and Guides[edit]

Have a good strategy for France?
+ Add it to this article and help other players!
Please note the style guidelines and the example page.


Albania.png Albania Austria.png Austria Belgium.png Belgium Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia Denmark.png Denmark Estonia.png Estonia Finland.png Finland France.png France German Reich.png German Reich Greece.png Greece Hungary.png Hungary Ireland.png Ireland Italy.png Italy Latvia.png Latvia Lithuania.png Lithuania Luxembourg.png Luxembourg Nationalist Spain.png Nationalist Spain Netherlands.png Netherlands Norway.png Norway Poland.png Poland Portugal.png Portugal Republican Spain.png Republican Spain Kingdom of Romania.png Kingdom of Romania Slovakia.png Slovakia Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Sweden.png Sweden Switzerland.png Switzerland Turkey.png Turkey United Kingdom.png United Kingdom Vichy France.png Vichy France Yugoslavia.png Yugoslavia

North America

Dominion of Canada.png Dominion of Canada Costa Rica.png Costa Rica Cuba.png Cuba Dominican Republic.png Dominican Rep. El Salvador.png El Salvador Guatemala.png Guatemala Haiti.png Haiti Honduras.png Honduras Mexico.png Mexico Republic of Nicaragua.png Republic of Nicaragua Panama.png Panama United States.png United States

South America

Argentina.png Argentina Bolivia.png Bolivia Brazil.png Brazil Chile.png Chile Colombia.png Colombia Ecuador.png Ecuador Paraguay.png Paraguay Peru.png Peru Uruguay.png Uruguay Venezuela.png Venezuela


Afghanistan.png Afghanistan Bhutan.png Bhutan British Raj.png British Raj China.png China Chinese People's Republic.png People's Republic of China Guangxi Clique.png Guangxi Clique India.png India Iran.png Iran Iraq.png Iraq Israel.png Israel Japan.png Japan Jordan.png Jordan Korea.png Korea Lebanon.png Lebanon Manchukuo.png Manchukuo Mengkukuo.png Mengkukuo Mongolia.png Mongolia Nepal.png Nepal Oman.png Oman Palestine.png Palestine Philippines.png Philippines Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia Shanxi.png Shanxi Siam.png Siam Sinkiang.png Sinkiang Syria.png Syria Tannu Tuva.png Tannu Tuva Tibet.png Tibet Xibei San Ma.png Xibei San Ma Yemen.png Yemen Yunnan.png Yunnan


Egypt.png Egypt Ethiopia.png Ethiopia Liberia.png Liberia South Africa.png South Africa


Australia.png Australia New Zealand.png New Zealand