Iran is a regional power in Middle east.
In 1925, after years of civil war, turmoil and foreign intervention, Persia was unified under the rule of Reza Khan, who crowned himself to become Reza Shah that same year. Later, in 1935, he asked foreign delegates to use the term Iran, the historical name of the country, used by its native people, in formal correspondence. He set on an ambitious program of economic, cultural, and military modernisation. Iran, which had been a completely backward, divided and isolated country under the rule of the Qajar Dynasty, was now rapidly evolving into a modern industrial state. Reza Shah also made many improvements, such as building infrastructure, expanding cities and transportation networks, and establishing schools. He also set forth on a policy of neutrality, but to help finance and support his ambitious modernisation projects, he needed the help of the west.
For many decades, Iran and the German Empire had cultivated ties, partly as a counter to the imperial ambitions of United Kingdom and the Russian Empire (and later, the Soviet Union). Trading with Germany appealed to Iran because the Germans did not have a history of imperialism in the region, unlike the British and Russians. When the Nazis took over Germany in 1933, trade was not seriously affected. While Nazi news sometimes tried to play up the similarities between the two Aryan nations, Iran really cared little for Nazi policies, including antisemitism. Iranian embassies in occupied European capitals rescued over 1,500 Jews and secretly granted them Iranian citizenship, allowing them to move to Iran.
The British began to accuse Iran of supporting Nazism and being pro-German. Although Reza Shah declared neutrality at an early stage of World War II, Iran assumed greater strategic importance to the British government, which feared that the Abadan Refinery (of the UK-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company) might fall into German hands; producing eight million tons of oil in 1940, the refinery was a crucial part of the Allied war effort. Tensions with Iran had been strained since 1931 when the Shah cancelled the D'Arcy Concession, which gave the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company the exclusive right to sell Iranian oil, with Iran receiving only 10 percent of the profits.
During the German-Soviet war in 1942, Allied and Soviet governments feared if Iran joined the Axis, then German troops might receive the supplies they need to conquer remaining key Soviets cities such as Stalingrad and Moscow. Iran's army could also flank Soviet troops and deal critical damage to both the Soviets and Allies fuel supplies. Therefore Allied and Soviet forces initiated a suprise invasion from the north and south. With most of Soviet and Allied troops fighting in Europe, Iran could have stood a chance against the invasion but Shah Reza recalled half of nation's entire army to the capital, leaving the rest of Iran's troops on the borders without proper backup and outnumbered against the invasion. Despite the heroic defense of Iran's soldiers, the country fell to the Soviet and Allies. Shah Reza was dethroned and banished, with his son Mohammad Reza becoming Shah in his place. Iran was occupied until the end of World War II when the Treaty of Tehran was signed.
Iran starts in 1936 with two research slots. It can gain two further slots from it's National focuses - Extra Research Slot and Extra Research Slot II.
Iran begins with the following researched:
- Basic eq.
- Weapons I
- Artillery I
- CAS I
As a Non-Aligned country, Iran has a positive relationship with other Non-Aligned countries (+20) and a slight negative relationship with everyone else (-10). Iran begins without any alliances at the start of 1936.
Iran does not start with any National spirits.
Iran utilizes the generic National focus tree.
|Conscription Law||Economy Law||Trade Law|
| Volunteer Only
|| Civilian Economy
|| Export Focus
|Political Party||Ideology||Popularity||Party Leader|
|Pahlavi Dynasty||Non-Aligned||100%||Reza Shah Pahlavi|
|Tudeh Party||Communist||0%||Soleyman Mirza Eskandari|
|Surplus / Needed||34||0||2||0||0||0|
Iran starts in 1936 with one Military Factory working on Infantry Equipment I. It does not have any Naval Dockyards in 1936.
The Iranian army at the beginning of 1936 consists of 2 Infantry Divisions (2x3 Infantry), and 1 Cavalry Division (2x3 Cavalry). Thus it has a total 36,000 men in the field, distributed over 3 Divisions.
The Iranian navy does not start with any ships in 1936. It has 10 Convoys.
The Iranian Air Force consists of 72 Interwar Fighters and 48 Close Air Support.
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