National focus

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National focus trees serve as a replacement for the mixture of decisions and triggered events which directed countries in previous iterations of Hearts of Iron.

The focus trees allow the players (and the AI) to direct the development of their nation. Each country has a focus tree, representing a number of progression paths (branches) available to that nation. These paths may be based on actual historical situations or on alternative historical possibilities. The individual options can range from political, diplomatic and warfare-related focuses to more economic and research-related focuses.

Due to the semi-random nature of the AI it ensures that no two games will play out in precisely the same way. Players wishing to have a more historical-based campaign can chose do so by ticking the Historical AI Focuses option on the country selection screen (map) just before the start of a new game. It is important to note, however, that player nations are not bound by this and as such their in-game actions can still force the AI to pick somewhat less than historical choices.

The seven major countries have a unique national focus tree in the base game (Poland received a unique tree in a free DLC). Additional countries - as detailed below - received a unique tree as part of different DLCs. All other nations use the generic national focus tree.

Mechanic overview[edit]

The Generic national focus tree has 5 different branches.

Branches in a focus tree revolve around a common theme or goal with the individual focuses within intended to help in achieving that goal. Although branches are mostly isolated from each other they will be connected (locally) if they happen to coincide over a common point.

Only a single focus can be taken at a time. A focus requires Political Power 70 Political power to complete at a progress rate of Political Power –1 Political power per day - this means a focus would usually be completed within Time 70 days. When completed, the player may go up to 10 days without picking a new focus and still have those days (and their accumulated Political Power Political power) count towards the new focus.

Aside from the branches' top level focuses, most other focuses have additional requirements in need of fulfillment before they can be picked. If a requirement of an on-going focus has become invalidated, the focus will either be paused until the requirement is restored (if possible) or outright be cancelled when such a thing is not easily possible. For cases such as the latter, focuses will have bypass conditions to allow the player to proceed past them - the player will be notified of the bypass within a few days (they will display a golden bracket as if completed regularly). For example, Goal generic army motorized.png Motorization Effort can be bypassed if the Motorized cropped.png Motorized Infantry technology has already been researched beforehand.

Once a focus has started, the player can't manually stop or replace it. If, due to circumstances, the focus has been invalidated, the resources already spent are lost. As such, it is immensely recommended to check all requirements and conditions regarding a focus to assess if/how they may be affected within its completion time-frame.

Accessing a focus' expanded details can be achieved by clicking or hovering over the focus. Among the information presented there are: the flavor description, its requirements, bypass conditions (if applicable) and the expected completion effects.

Visual indicators[edit]

  • Bracket color - Players can check at a glance a focus' completion status by the background color of its name bracket. Grey bracket means available for picking, brown bracket indicates as of yet unavailability and golden bracket denotes completed focuses. On-going focuses will feature a shining overlay effect over them.
  • Connection lines - Focuses are connected by colored lines. The color indicates whether its preceding focus is completed (green) or not (light-blue). The connection may also appear as a solid or dotted line, with the former indicating a logical AND and the latter a logical OR. For example, to pick Goal generic special forces.png Special Forces would require all 3 of the focuses preceding it while picking Goal generic scientific exchange.png Technology Sharing requires only one of the 2 preceding it.
  • Mutually exclusive - Some focuses may have the Mutually Exclusive mutually exclusive icon appearing in-between them. The icon denotes that only one of two may be selected. Further more, depending on the focuses outgoing connections it may also exclude from picking any of the focuses connected to them further down the line. For example, choosing between Goal generic national unity.png Collectivist Ethos or Goal generic support democracy.png Liberty Ethos will make any of the other side's subsequent connected focuses unavailable for picking up until Goal generic scientific exchange.png Technology Sharing (linked to both sides by an OR connection).

Continuous focus[edit]

The continuous focus panel.
Main article: Continuous focus

A continuous focus is a special type of focus that is unlocked once 10 regular focuses have been completed. There are a total of 9 continuous focuses available.

Having an active continuous focus comes at the expense of pursuing a regular focus as only one focus can be picked at a time regardless of its type.

As opposed to a regular focus which provides one-time effects, the effects of a continuous focus benefit the nation whilst the chosen focus remains active. An active focus requires a maintenance cost of Political Power –1 Political power per day. The focus can,however, be deactivated or switched with another at any time for no additional cost.

Country list[edit]

National focus trees

Base game trees[edit]


Generic tree[edit]

Generic national focus tree.
Main article: Generic national focus tree

All nations lacking a unique national focus tree use the generic national focus tree instead.

The generic focus tree has 5 main branches:

  • Army Effort gives army experience and research bonuses to army research.
  • Aviation Effort gives air experience, builds air bases, and research bonuses to air research.
  • Naval Effort gives navy experience, builds naval dockyards, and research bonuses to navy research.
  • Industrial Effort builds civilian and military factories and grants extra research slots.
  • Political Effort gives the country choices on which political path they will take.


Note: The generic focus tree also acts as the default tree for nations which received a unique focus tree in a DLC if said DLC is not enabled.

France[edit]

French national focus tree.
Main article: French national focus tree

Flag of France France, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

The French national focus tree can be divided into 4 branches:

Industrial branch
This branch offers the possibility to develop Metropolitan France and the overseas region, as well as two more research slots.
Defensive and aggressive branch
These branches are mutually exclusive. They end with the shard focus Army Reform icon Army Reform which removes the starting national spirit Victors of the Great WarVictors of the Great War. (This focus can only be taken after removing Disjointed GovernmentDisjointed Government via the government reform branch.)
Government Reform branch
This branch consists of various diplomatic focuses and focuses to change the ideology of the government. All possible mutually exclusive branches contain a focus to remove the crippling Disjointed GovernmentDisjointed Government national spirit.
Navy and air force branch
This branch includes focuses which grant experience and research bonuses to improve in these domains.

Germany[edit]

German national focus tree.
Main article: German national focus tree

Flag of Germany Germany, as one of the seven major powers, has a unique national focus tree.

The German focus tree has 5 main branches:

  • Reichsautobahn is the main industrial branch that builds infrastructure, forts, and factories.
  • Air Innovations gives air experience, builds air bases, and grants research bonuses for air research.
  • Army Innovations gives army experience and research bonuses for army research for both Germany and the Soviet Union.
  • Rhineland is the main diplomatic branch that decides the course of World War II.
  • Naval Rearmament expands the navy, builds naval dockyards and research bonuses for naval research.


Italy[edit]

Italy's national focus tree.
Main article: Italian national focus tree

Flag of Italy Italy, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

Italy has an interesting national focus tree with five different branches:

Ethiopian War Logistics
A smaller tree which focuses on industrial build up.
Army Primacy
Strengthens your army research.
Mare Nostrum
The big naval strengthening tree.
Light Ship Focus
Destroyer & Submarine benefits.
Triumph in Africa
The big political and diplomatic tree, where you have lots of different choices on who to befriend and conquer.


Japan[edit]

Japanese national focus tree.
Main article: Japanese national focus tree

Flag of Japan Japan, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

The Japanese focus tree includes 5 different branches:

  • Empire Expansion branch gives wargoals against nations to the North and South.
  • Chinese Border Incident branch is the main diplomatic tree that focuses mostly on China.
  • Army branch focuses on expanding the military.
  • Naval branch focuses on expanding the navy.
  • Spiritual Mobilization branch prepares the country to achieve its full power and fortify itself.


Poland[edit]

Polish national focus tree.
Main article: Polish national focus tree

Flag of Poland Poland gets a unique national focus tree as part of a free DLC.

The focus tree can be divided into 5 main branches:

Central Region Strategy - The Four Year Plan
This branch offers the possibility to develop the nation's infrastructure and factories as well as enabling up to two additional research slots.
Prepare For The Next War
This branch has options to keep pace/modernize the Polish ground forces with/ahead of it's neighbors.
Air Base Expansion
This branch includes focuses which grants several research boni to improve. First focus of the branch instantly expands state Capitol's airport capacity (Danzig).
Develop Polish Ship Building
This branch includes focuses which grants several research boni that could potentially specialize or widen the range of ships available for service soon. Includes research bonus for naval doctrine advancements.
Strengthen The Polish State
This branch contains various diplomatic focuses and focuses to change the ideology of the government. This branch has mutually exclusive choices that enables the player to forge an alliance or create one of its own.

Soviet Union[edit]

Soviet national focus tree.
Main article: Soviet national focus tree

Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

The Soviet focus tree includes four, both historical and alternative, branches:

  • Finish the Five Year Plan focuses on development of infrastructure and factories
  • Stalin Constitution focuses on manpower and research
  • Found the PCDI is the main diplomatic tree that focuses on international relations
  • Permanent Revolution / The Great Purge focuses on internal restructuring to unlock the full power of the Soviet Union.


United Kingdom[edit]

British national focus tree.
Main article: British national focus tree

The Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, as one of the seven major powers, has a unique national focus tree.

The UK focus tree has 3 main branches to go down through:

  • Limited Rearmament branch gives bonuses to military research and builds air bases, factories and naval dockyards in the country.
  • Reinforce the Empire branch reinforces and develops the Empire's holdings, gives puppet wargoals, and influences nations to lean to democracy.
  • Home Defense branch prepares the homeland to better protect itself and gives wargoals against Nordic nations and Germany.


United States[edit]

American national focus tree.
Main article: American national focus tree

Flag of United States United States, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

The USA has an interesting focus tree with 5 different branches, both historical and alternative, to progress down:

  • Issue War Bonds branch focuses on getting the country out of the Great Depression and ready itself for war.
  • WPA & War Propaganda branch is the main industry buildup tree and gives wargoals against other majors.
  • Air War Plans Division branch expands and gives bonuses to the air force.
  • Bureau of Ships branch expands and gives bonuses to the navy.
  • Reaffirm Monroe Doctrine branch turns North & South American nations into the same party type as the United States as well as giving a puppet wargoal against Venezuela.


Together for Victory trees[edit]


Australia[edit]

Australian national focus tree.
Main article: Australian national focus tree

Flag of Australia Australia, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, got a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion Australia utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

Australia's unique focus tree has branches rooted in both history and alt-history:

Additional Militia Training
Focuses on providing research bonuses for Land Doctrines, Infantry equipment, Support Companies and Armour.
Expand the RAAF
Focuses on improving the Air Force, including research bonuses for aircraft and air doctrines.
Cockatoo Island Shipyards
Looks to upgrade the Australian Navy, focusing on ship and naval doctrine bonuses.
Standard Gauge Railway / Industries Assistance Corporation
Form a joint tree focusing on improving infrastructure and industrial capacity.
Establish Advisory War Council
Acts as a domestic politics tree, providing means to lift the country out of the Great Depression, and additional research slots.
Support the Policy of Appeasement
Keeps Australia within the Allies, providing access to Commonwealth technology sharing bonuses.
Never Another Gallipoli
Causes Australia to leave the Allies, giving further options to remain a Democracy, or to realign with either Fascist or Communist ideologies.


British Raj[edit]

British Raj's national focus tree.
Main article: British Raj national focus tree

Flag of British Raj British Raj, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, got a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion the British Raj utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The British Raj has a unique focus tree with 3 main branches:

  • Provincial Elections focuses on gaining independence and modifies the debilitating national spirits of the British Raj.
  • Lessons of the Great War focuses on expanding the army, establishes the air force and gives elite infantry divisions.
  • Great Indian Peninsula Railway focuses on building infrastructure, naval dockyards, and gives extra research slots.


Canada[edit]

Canada's unique NF tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion).
Main article: Canadian national focus tree

Flag of Canada Canada, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, got a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion Canada utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

Canada's unique focus tree has six main branches:

Industrial and Internal Politics
A large interwoven tree that serves to increase industrial capacity, resource availability and to lift the country out of the Great Depression. This first part of the tree is the most powerful, but most of it is locked behind War Bonds and Defense Regulations, which respectively require war and some world tension. These focuses should be picked as they become available to start the industrial expansion. An other key focus is Commit to War, which is necessary for any conscription law above Volunteers and mitigates the Great Depression penalties. Finally, the Canadian must choose between Send In the Zombies to significantly increase their manpower pool, or National Steel Car to unlock their full industrial potential.
Army Modernization
The ground forces branch. Focuses on research bonuses for infantry, armor, artillery and support divisions. Requires Send In the Zombies from the industrial tree for the last focus tiers.
Strengthen the Commonwealth Ties
The historical path. Keeps Canada within the Allies, providing bonuses to Commonwealth technology sharing and other buffs to industry and resources.
Patriation
Canada severs ties with the United Kingdom, thereby allowing allowing Canada to leave the Allies. The first, democratic branch builds an alliance with the United States, the others are the fascist and communist paths. A notable option in the fascist branch is to bring Mexico over to fascism and mount a two-pronged invasion against the United States.
RCAF Station Borden
Provides bonuses to RADAR, aircraft and air doctrine research.
Halifax Shipyards
Focuses on the Canadian Navy, giving bonuses to ship model and naval doctrine research.


South Africa[edit]

South African national focus tree.
Main article: South African national focus tree

Flag of South Africa South Africa, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, got a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion South Africa utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

South Africa's unique focus tree has six main branches:

War Measures Act
South Africa makes war preparation, mustering it's industrial capacity as well as constructing strategic defensive forts. The first focus of the branch requires more than 20% world tension OR an authoritarian government. The final focuses of this branch alleviate the boon suffered by ‘ History of SegregationIdea saf history of segregation.png, bolstering it's army reserves available for muster.
Support the Policy of Appeasement
The democratic path, this branch reinforces cooperation with the rest of the Commonwealth. Secure Interests in Africa, the final focus, can create Kenya and Zimbabwe as South African puppet states if the United Kingdom agree to transfer its faraway possessions.
Support the Afrikaner Broederbond
The fascist path. This branch opens the possibility to switch to fascism immediately by starting a civil war, as can be done as the British Raj. The player can go for greater cooperation with Germany, which comes with substantial benefits, or start a faction of its own. In either case, former British king Edward VIII can be selected as the head of state.
Empower the Workers
The communist path. One branch aligns South Africa with the Soviet Union. The other is the most unique of the focus tree, Anti-Colonialist Crusade: South Africa declares war on the colonial powers to liberate all of Africa from their rule.
Army
Provides bonuses to weapons, artillery and land doctrine research.
Air
Provides bonuses to aircraft and air doctrine research.
Navy
Focuses on the Navy, giving bonuses to ship models and naval doctrine research.


New Zealand[edit]

New Zealand's unique NF tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion).
Main article: New Zealand national focus tree

Flag of New Zealand New Zealand, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, got a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion New Zealand utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

New Zealand's unique focus tree has five main branches:

  • The First Labour Government acts as the political tree, providing both a means to deal with internal issues, and mutually exclusive branches on whether to remain within the Commonwealth, or to push for Independence as a Democratic, Fascist or Communist country.
  • Transfer the New Zealand Division focuses on developing a navy through construction of dockyards and bonuses to ship and naval doctrine research.
  • Expand the NZPAF provides bonuses to aircraft and air doctrine research.
  • National Roads Board acts as the industrial tree, buffing industrial capacity, resource extraction and research slots.
  • Army Reforms focuses on bonuses for Infantry, Armour and Artillery, and construction of military industry capacity.


Death or Dishonor trees[edit]


Czechoslovakia[edit]

Czechoslovakian national focus tree.
Main article: Czechoslovakian national focus tree

Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, along with three other nations situated between the Flag of German Reich German Reich and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Czechoslovakia utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Czechoslovakia's unique focus tree has 7 distinct branches:

  • Fortification Studies: This centers around land fortifications needed to successfully defend against German aggression. Note that some foci in this section set the fort level in provinces instead of adding extra forts. Building forts is not advised, as they will be overwritten when a new fort level is set.
  • Industrial Legacy: This provides Czechoslovakia with additional factories and industrial bonuses.
  • Political Direction: Here Czechoslovakia is given options for steering politics & diplomacy towards one of the major factions or a faction of its own.
  • Strategy Decisions: These foci are similar to the political section but provide more interaction on cessions and research sharing.
  • Land, Air & Naval Branches: Each section is devoted to one branch of military power and research. Note that the Naval branch cannot be started until Czechoslovakia gains a coastal province


Hungary[edit]

Hungarian national focus tree.
Main article: Hungarian national focus tree

Flag of Hungary Hungary, along with three other nations situated between the Flag of German Reich German Reich and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Hungary utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Romania[edit]

Romanian national focus tree.
Main article: Romanian national focus tree

Flag of Romania Romania, along with three other nations situated between Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Romania utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Yugoslavia[edit]

Yugoslavian national focus tree.
Main article: Yugoslavian national focus tree

Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, along with three other nations situated between Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Yugoslavia utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Yugoslavia has a unique focus tree with 5 main branches:

  • Western Focus / Recognize the Soviet Union branch is the main political branch and the choice of what path the player wants to take, joining either of the main three factions.
  • Industrialization Program branch builds up the country, gives resources and factories, improves infrastructure and gives the option of focusing more on the main Serbian provinces or improving the country equally.
  • Modernize the Air Force branch improves the air force and builds military factories for aircraft production. The player can choose between producing their own aircraft or licensing foreign ones from other countries.
  • Army Modernization branch expands the army and gives bonuses for army research.
  • Expand the Shipyard branch expands the navy to better protect the homeland and gives bonuses for naval research.