The Netherlands is a minor nation in Western Europe. It borders Germany and Belgium on the continent as well as France and the United Kingdom overseas. It rules a relatively big colonial empire with colonies in South America, the Caribbean and Asia.
- 1 Politics
- 2 Economy
- 3 Technology
- 4 National Focus
- 5 Military
- 6 Strategies and Guides
Historically, ever since the power of the monarch had been curbed by the revision of the constitution in 1848, the Netherlands has been a democracy. However, universal suffrage was not attained until 1917.
The Netherlands does not have any national spirits.
Being a democratic country, the Netherlands has a positive relationship with other Democratic countries (+20) and a slight negative relationship with everyone else (-10). It wields a relatively big colonial empire and holds the East Indies as a puppet.
The Netherlands does not have claims or cores on foreign soil.
The Netherlands starts 1936 as a democracy with elections every four years, the next being in 1937. The ruling party is the Christelijk-Historische Unie led by Dirk Jan de Geer.
The Netherlands has the following political parties:
The Netherlands can choose from the following Political Advisors:
|Willem van Ravensteyn||Communist Revolutionary||Daily Communism Support: +0.1%||150 pp|
|Meinout van Tonningen||Fascist Demagogue||Daily Fascism Support: +0.1%||150 pp|
|Saul de Groot||Prince of Terror||Effect of partisans on us: -25%, Foreign subversive activities efficiency: -30%||150 pp|
|Willem Schermerhorn||Captain of Industry||Civilian Factory Construction Speed: +10%, Infrastructure Construction Speed: +10%, Refinery Construction Speed: +10%||150 pp|
|Andries Dirk de Graaf||Democratic Reformer||Daily Democracy Support: +0.1%||150 pp|
|Louis Beel||Smooth-Talking Charmer||Trade Deal Opinion Factor: +25%||150 pp|
|Conscription Law||Economy Law||Trade Law|
| Volunteer Only
|| Civilian Economy
|| Export Focus
|4 Military Factories||4 Naval Dockyard||11 Civilian Factories|
|0 (50)||12 (18)||0 (716)||0||8||0|
These numbers represent the available resources, depending on trade law a certain amount may be traded away.
|Army Technology||Naval Technology||Air Technology||Electronics & Industry||Doctrines|
As a minor country, the Netherlands has the generic Focus Tree.
The Dutch landforce in 1936 consists of 8 divisions each consisting of 9000 men. The Netherlands may also request the colonial forces from the East indies through diplomacy. The Dutch navy is relatively big, with the main contingent in Indonesia to defend the waters there. The Dutch airforce is both small and outdated.
The Netherlands suffers from an acute lack of manpower due to lax conscription laws.
|8Infantry Divisions||0Cavalry Division||0Mountaineer Division||0Light Tank Divisions|
Total: 8 Divisions
The Royal Dutch Navy starts in 1936 with its 32 ships divided between Europe and Asia. In Europe, there are 7 submarines, 2 heavy cruisers and a destroyer. In the East Indies, there are 12 upgraded submarines, 7 destroyers, 2 light cruisers, and a heavy cruiser. No ships are being built in 1936, but the Netherlands can build Tier II destroyers and light cruisers, in addition to tier I heavy cruisers and submarines.
|CA||Soerabaja||3||0||Heavy Cruiser I|
|CL||De Ruyter Class||0||0||Light Cruiser II|
|CL||Java Class||2||0||Light Cruiser I|
|DD||Destroyer II||0||0||Destroyer II|
|DD||Van Ghent Class||8||0||Destroyer I|
|SS||K-XIV Class||12||0||Submarine I (+2 all parameters)|
|SS||K-III Class||7||0||Submarine I|
The Netherlands air forces consist of 12 inter-war fighters, based in Sulawesi which is part of their puppet in the East Indies.
Strategies and Guides
Fascist Swamp Germans
The Dutch are tall, blonde, blue-eyed folks who nearly talk German and who are good at sailing. Hitler will be only to happy to accept you as his naval department, and your overseas colonies could see a real expansion in return. This is the easiest route for the Netherlands to take since it capitalises on her strengths (naval power, colonial positions, and resources) and eliminates her biggest weaknesses (sharing a border with the Reich). It's also the simplest shot at the "United Netherlands" achievement.
The first task for the Dutch is to gun for a Fascist Demagogue, so it is advised the Political Effort national focus is picked first. Democratic nations are very limited in means to become fascist, and the Netherlands should become fascist as soon as possible in order to make optimal use of this strategy. Apart from that, their main aims will be to have one general-level (24 division) command of good infantry units and to build up a decent naval force. Once the main infantry force is done, territorials should be built in vast numbers.
The Dutch navy is best of being a surface fleet intended to face off against any regional units of the Royal Navy in the Pacific to start with. Using light cruisers and battlecruisers is the optimal setup for this, preferably together with the Fleet in Being doctrines. One should be staying close enough to land to make carriers redundant.
The early game goals, other than militarisation, are a swift conquest of your rebellious neighbors in Belgium (which is the first reason for having that general-level command) and Luxembourg. The former is necessary, the latter is merely a nice little production boost and achievement-catcher. Both of these conquests should be finished before WW2 kicks off so that there is less risk from faction meddling in. That way there won't be any resistance in those lands during the real event. Assisting Japan against China could also help a lot.
Territorials should be stationed in the East Indies against the borders with Britain and Australia to fight alongside the territorials the East Indian puppet there already controls, and this is also where the main fleet should be as well. You can also demand control over the East Indian forces if you so desire. Garrisoning Guyana could be a boon as well, as both British and French Guyana have truckloads of aluminium, and a staging point in the Caribbean area could be very useful late war. If one has the forces for it, the former-Belgian Congo can be used to cut Africa in half, possibly leading to a happy liberation of the poor, oppressed Boers in South Africa.
Either after the Benelux has been united, or when the Reich starts justifying against it (whichever comes first), the Netherlands should petition to join the Axis. Germany will be only too happy to let you in.
Now there are three main invasions to focus on. If France has not extended the Maginot line, then an operation to seize Paris can be undertaken. It will be impossible for the Dutch to garrison all of France alone, though, so most of it will need to be handed over to Germany and Italy to look after. Guyana should be a walk in the park, as it shouldn't have large forces present on behalf of the other two powers, and you may be able to launch naval invasions against various Caribbean islands depending on what the Royal Navy does. Indonesia normally starts out just as easy as the other two, but to secure it properly an invasion of Australia and New Zealand will be necessary. The latter is easily doable, but the former is made surprisingly difficult by its large size and a fairly steady flow of reinforcements. The sizeable force you've stationed in the east will be required to quickly take Australia before the colonial forces get bogged down and are killed by attrition. Thanks to the low population of the Netherlands an attrition war will prove disastrous.
When those areas are secured, the Dutch have a choice between Africa and India as main areas for your land troops to operate in. Their major contribution now, however, will be chipping away at the Allied naval forces, and as a resource mine for the Axis. You should be getting a large amount of civilian factories from your booming trade in such goods as aluminium and rubber, which you hold almost the entire world market of; these will help you build up a massive industrial base in record time for the endgame.
Eventually, with their long maritime supply and reinforcement lines in constant danger and with key resources and supplies of manpower missing, the Allies will be driven back to the UK and mainland US. The Soviet Union, facing not only the western Axis, but also a freed-up Japan, will be doing very poorly. Now you must prepare for the final assaults and any potential WW3. Though still suffering from an amazingly low manpowerpool, thanks to the 0.02 multiplier on non-core territory, they will have disproportionately large industrial capacity. Land forces can and should be entirely mechanised, and priorities with annexation should be on having small land borders. The Dutch will be the supreme naval power, and holding almost any length of coast should be well within their ability, but you will have to try and minimise frontage with other countries, as they risk simply being unable to field enough divisions to fill every province.
Given the extreme imbalance between your production and recruitable population, it may well be worth taking Desperate Defence.
Siding with the Allies is the historical and most 'sensible' approach for the Netherlands given the political situation, but makes them a nice, soft and juicy target for both Germany and Japan. The Dutch will be lacking in both manpower and industrial capacity. You indirectly control plenty of rubber and other resources from Indonesia, but you can't do anything with it since both your industry and your manpower is too small. The starting navy is actually half-decent, but not a global power, so one should focus on either bothering Germany with it, or protecting the colonies against Japan. The starting army is both under-equipped and small.
1936-1939 buildup phase
Without good mobilisation policies, buildup will be slow and only a small number of projects can be completed before Germany and Japan invade. This means sacrifices will have to be made just to survive. The eastern part of the Netherlands will be sacrificed to the Germans, because the open plains are practically undefendable. Forming a compact defensive line around the province of Holland instead, using the rivers and landscape to its maximum advantage, will significantly improve their chances.
The Indonesian colonies can no longer be sacrificed to the Japanese by retreating all the colonial troops to the homeland because Indonesia is now a puppet and if they capitulate those forces are gone. (If you're really lucky though, Japan didn't even bother to invade Indonesia at all, which happens at times.) The entire industry should be focusing on basic infantry equipment, artillery and some small anti-tank. New military factories should be placed in Holland, or even in Guyana, just not in the territory that will fall to the nazis.
The goal here is to dig in and holdout in Holland, until forces from the Allies come in to relieve the pressure. If Holland and Suriname are filled with factories, consider building forts. This is because, once again, it would only be helping the enemy to build factories in areas that can't be defended.
Don't bother with an airforce. The industrial capacity should be reserved for the land force and a small nation as the Netherlands won't be able to make a big difference anyway.
Turning the tide
Once Allied forces start arriving, one can start to think about liberating the mainland and even advancing into Germany alongside the Allies. By that time, industrial capacity will become less and less of a problem, but manpower will remain a major problem because of the small size of the Netherlands
Indonesian cannon fodder
As The Netherlands, you control a puppet with a large manpower pool: Indonesia, also called the Dutch Indies. But their industrial capacity is weak and their division template is primitive. But there is a way to use Indonesian manpower in combination with Dutch industry. As a puppet master, you can train a division from a colonial template, which will be filled with 10% from your manpower and 90% from the puppet (less if Indonesia promotes to a colony). But you can also duplicate this template and edit it, and it will still draw 90% manpower from your puppet. So add some more infantry, some artillery, maybe even a bit of armour to the duplicated template. To gain the required army experience, you will need to hire a military theorist early, or exercise your divisions a lot. With this strategy, you can field a 750 000 man army and stop the German attack right at the border instead of sacrificing 2/3 of the country.