From Hearts of Iron 4 Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Government Type:
Authoritarian Regime


Poland is a regional power and arguably the 6th strongest country in Europe meaning that the player who chooses this country can tip the balance in the war.

Historical Background[edit]

The Second Polish Republic (Pol: Druga Rzeczpospolita) was perhaps the sixth most powerful country in Europe in 1936, but was caught between two rising superpowers — Flag of Germany Germany under the fanatical Nazis, and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, the epicenter of Communism. Due largely to limited economic resources, Poland was unable to keep pace with the intense armament efforts of its neighbors. After being the target of Hitler's political machinations first to become Poland's friend while weakening the country's independence and ties with Flag of France France, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between USSR and Nazi Germany paved the way for territorial demands and, soon, war.

World War II is most often considered to have begun on 1 September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany. Both the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, the leader of the Allies, and France guaranteed Poland's independence, and did declare war on Germany. However, no real pressure was brought against the Third Reich. Almost 100 French divisions invaded Germany, but were ordered to halt 1 km from the thin and undermanned Siegfied Line and withdraw to their original positions in the Maginot Line. For 8 months after, the “Phoney War” of minor skirmishes and almost unreal quiet held sway as the Allies did nothing. After the war, a German officer remarked that had the Allies pressed their offensive then, Germany could only have held out for a few weeks.

The last divisions of the Polish Army capitulated after a month, on the 6th of October; but the Polish Government never officially surrendered. Indeed, their resistance was one of the best organized in Europe, complete with schools and a postal service. The Polish struggle continued on the western front with the Polish Fleet and Polish army brigades who evacuated through Flag of Romania Romania to France and thence to England.

Polish soldiers played key roles in the war including the Battle of Britain, the Battle of Narvik, and the Battle of Monte Cassino. However, the fall of the “Iron Curtain” and the West-East division of Europe negotiated between the Allies and Comintern left Poland a Soviet satellite state, its true independence not to return until the fall of the USSR decades later.


Main article: Polish events

National focus[edit]

Main article: Polish national focus tree
Polish national focus tree.

The Polish national focus tree can be divided into 5 branches:

Central Region Strategy - The Four Year Plan
This branch offers the possibility to develop the nation's infrastructure and factories as well as enabling up to two additional research slots.
Prepare For The Next War
This branch has options to keep pace/modernize the Polish ground forces with/ahead of it's neighbors.
Air Base Expansion
This branch includes focuses which grants several research boni to improve. First focus of the branch instantly expands state Capitol's airport capacity (Danzig).
Develop Polish Ship Building
This branch includes focuses which grants several research boni that could potentially specialize or widen the range of ships available for service soon. Includes research bonus for naval doctrine advancements.
Strengthen The Polish State
This branch contains various diplomatic focuses and focuses to change the ideology of the government. This branch has mutually exclusive choices that enables the player to forge an alliance or create one of its own.


Poland stars with three research slots.

Army Technology Naval Technology Air Technology Electronics & Industry
  • Infantry Eq. I
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Engineer Company I
  • Recon Company I
  • Great War Tank
  • Towed Artillery I
  • Towed Anti-Air I
  • Destroyer I
  • Submarine I
  • Transport Ship
  • Interwar Fighter
  • Interwar Bomber
  • Close Air Support I
  • None
  • None
  • None


Poland starts as non-aligned, but with their unique Focus tree can easily join any of the main ideologies or even try and remain neutral through the war by starting their own faction.

In the 1936 opening Poland has to make a decision on who to join. In 1936 the Polish Army is stronger than the Wehrmacht so an preemptive attack can be considered especially if France declares war after the reoccupation of the Rhine event. If Poland chooses to join the Allies it needs to be aware of the fact that the brunt of the German war effort will be placed on it. If Poland chooses to join the Axis it has the potential to destroy the USSR. If Poland decides to join the Comintern it will be able to knock out Germany very early on, this is however not recommended as in the current version of the game if the USSR finishes the "Claim Eastern Poland" National Focus half of Poland will be given to the Russians. This effect can also happen if Poland joins the Axis and Germany takes the "Molotov Ribbentrop Pact" Focus.


In 1936 Poland does not start with any alliances but it can form an alliance with France via decision late 1938. By the national idea Poland can create own faction called "Międzymorze" (mid-sea / between-seas; a reference to the Baltic and Black seas; at its height of power in c16-17, Poland's borders stretched from the Baltic to the Black sea. Arguably; the idea of returning to that former glory is part of the national consciousness; especially in the newly reinstituted second republic of the early c.20).



Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Volunteer Only.png Volunteer Only
  • 1.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 30% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • –5% Research time
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed

Political Parties[edit]

Political Party Ideology Popularity Party Leader Is Ruling?
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe Democracy Democratic 18% Wincenty Witos No, but can come to power by coup.
Polish Socialist Party Communism Communist 2% Władysław Gomułka No, but can come to power by coup.
Oboz Narodowo Radykalny-Falanga Fascism Fascist 15% Bolesław Piasecki No, but can come to power by coup.
BBWR Neutrality Non-Aligned 65% Ignacy Mościcki Yes
BBWR Neutrality Non-Aligned --- Władysław Sikorski No, but can come to power via "Fall of Warsaw" event chain.



Factories 1936
Military factory
Military Factories
Naval dockyard
Naval Dockyards
Civilian factory
Civilian Factories
9 1 17

As well as 37 free slots. 9 Civilian Factories available for Construction duty.

Total resources 1936
4(2) 0(0) 20(10) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0)

*These numbers represent the available resources for production at start of the game. In the bracket are the complete numbers including those lost for trading.



28NATO infantry.pngInfantry Divisions 2 NATO mountain.png Mountain Divisions 10NATO cavalry.pngCavalry Brigades

The Polish Army (Wojsko Polskie) is based on large infantry divisions as well as small cavalry brigades.

  • Infantry divisions are made of 9 infantry regiments + recon company.
  • The mountain divisions of 9 mountain regiments + recon comp.
  • Finally, the cavalry brigades are made of 3 cavalry regiments + recon comp.

Total: 30 Divisions + 10 brigades

Manpower.png Manpower Used: 320 K


Screens and Submarines 1936
2 Destroyers
3 Submarines

The Polish Navy (Marynarka Wojenna) is almost nonexistant. It is best to ignore any Naval research unless going for a World Conquest or there is nothing left to do.

Total: 5 vessels | Manpower.png Manpower Used: 1.1 K

Air Force[edit]

The Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne) is weak and it would take a lot of time to upgrade but it is definitely worth doing after having solved the 1939 issue.

Strategies and Guides[edit]

If you're looking to stay alive, try being friends with either Germany or the Soviet Union. Either turn communist or fascist to change to Limited Conscription and gain some extra manpower. You can either go with Internationalism, which will eventually allow you to join the Comintern/Axis depending on which ideology you go with; or you can go with Poland First, which allows you to form the Międzymorze faction with the Baltic States. It's recommended to try to get other nations to join Międzymorze in the event Germany and the Soviet Union try to split you between them. Again, Limited, Extensive Conscription, and even Service by Requirement should be enabled to give you enough manpower to fight Germany or Russia... or both. The rest is up to you.