Spain

From Hearts of Iron 4 Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Spain
Spain.png
Capital:
Madrid

Government Type:
Democratic Regime

Faction:
Neutral

The Second Spanish Republic is a Republican Regime that came to power in 1931, historically preceded by the Restoration and followed by Francoist Spain after the Spanish civil war. They are located in the Iberia region of Southwest Europe.

Historical Background[edit]

Following the Provisional Government between April and December 1931, the 1931 Constitution effectively established the Republic. The Spanish Republic is generally divided in three eras, the First Biennium, the Dark Biennium, and the Popular Front government.

The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed when King Alfonso XIII left the country following municipal elections in which anti-monarchist candidates won the majority of votes, and the Spanish population celebrated the beginning of the Republic and social pressure made the political regime change. Its government went into exile on 1 April 1939, when the last of the Republican forces surrendered to the rebel nacionales, led in part by Generalísimo Francisco Franco, ending the Spanish Civil War.

Events[edit]

Main article: Spanish events

Technology[edit]

Republican Spain begins with the following researched:

  • Basic Eq.
  • Weapons I
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Support Equipment
  • Engineer Company I
  • Recon Company I
  • Artillery I
  • Destroyer I
  • Heavy Cruiser I
  • Light Cruiser I
  • Battleship I
  • Submarine I
  • Destroyer II
  • Heavy Cruiser II
  • Transport Ship
  • Fighter
  • Bomber

Diplomacy[edit]

Republican Spain is a mostly neutral country, with all diplomacy values revolving around "Different Ideology", "Same Ideology" and "Same Ruling Party". They do not have any special relations with countries, but that will change quickly especially with the civil war.

Alliances[edit]

Republican Spain does not have alliances to begin with

Geography[edit]

1930's Spain was a large country in the Iberia region of Southwest Europe. They made up about 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsula. It is made up of 15 states in the game, including those in Africa. They have multiple important borders to bodies of water, such as the Mediterranean Sea, Strait of Gibraltar, Atlantic Ocean and Bay of Biscay. This also means, obviously, that they are not landlocked. Spain has land borders with Flag of Portugal Portugal, Flag of France France and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom (Gibraltar).

Mainland Spain is very uneven, with 45 percent of it being covered by the Meseta Plateau. The plateau is rarely flat, with many uneven hills, mountains and highlands. Spain contains many significant and beautiful mountains, with the most known being the massive Pyrenees. This mountain range virtually creates the Spanish-French border in the North and has many peaks reaching over 3,000 meters. There is also the Sierra Nevada, a medium sized mountain range in Andalusia that contains the highest point in continental Spain. There are many other rocky areas. There is also the fertile Andalusian Plain and other basins. There are many large coastal plains, with bays, coves and sandy beaches. Along the Bay of Biscay there are large coastal, rugged cliffs. The Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain and Europe from Africa, specifically Morocco, with the closest points being only 13 km apart. Finally, mainland Spain contains over 1,500 rivers of which are mostly small. Significant rivers are the Duero, Ebro and Jucar.

Spain also has many African and island colonies, specifically owning a large strip of land below Gibraltar in Spanish Morocco. Spain also controls the Canary Islands off the coast of Northwest Africa. They also control the Rio de Oro region of modern day Saharaui Arab Democratic Republic. Finally, they also have the small colonial territory of Equatorial Guinea.

National Focus[edit]

Republican Spain has the same focus tree as all minor countries, with nothing completed. The tree begins with Army Effort, Naval Effort, Aviation Effort, Industrial Effort and Political Effort. Proper use can make Republican Spain unique compared to those with a more centralized focus tree (Germany, United Kingdom, etc).

Politics[edit]

Ideology[edit]

Democracy Izquierda Republicana
  • No Can declare war on a country with the same ideology group without a war goal.
  • Yes Can guarantee other ideologies.
  • Yes Lowers World Tension with Guarantees.
  • No Can puppet a country.
  • No Can justify war goals against a country that have not generated world tension.
  • Generate war goal tension limit: +100%
  • Join faction tension limit: +80%
  • Lend-lease tension limit: +50%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: +50%
  • Guarantee tension limit: +25%
  • Take states cost: +25%
  • Annex cost: +50%

Political Parties[edit]

Political Party Ideology Popularity Party Leader Is Ruling?
Izquierda Republicana Democratic 47% Manuel Azana Yes
Partido Comunista de España Communist 7% Jose Diaz No
Falange Española Fascist 46% Francisco Franco No
Partido Republicano Radical Non-Aligned 0% Alejandro Lerroux No

Laws[edit]

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Volunteer Only.png Volunteer Only
  • 1.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 30% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • –5% Research time
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed

Ministers[edit]

Political Advisors

Advisor Type Effect Cost
Francisco Largo Caballero Captain Of Industry Military Factory Construction Speed +10%, Dockyard Construction Speed +10% 150 pp
Dolores Ibarruri Communist Revolutionary Daily Communism Support: +0.10, Gain Event Communism On The Rise 150 pp
Lorenzo Ruiz Fascist Demagogue Daily Fascist Support: +0.10 150 pp
Diego Martinez Barrio Backroom Backstabber Political Power Gain: +5.00%, Ideology drift defense: +15.0% 150 pp
Lluis Companys Democratic Reformer Daily Democracy Support: +0.10, Gain Event Move Towards Democracy 150 pp
Augusto Barcia Trelles Ideological Crusader Same ideology opinion: +20.0% 150 pp


Economy[edit]

7 Military factoryMilitary Factories 4 Naval dockyardNaval Dockyard 9 Civilian factoryCivilian Factories
Oil.pngOil Rubber.pngRubber Steel.pngSteel Aluminum.pngAluminium Tungsten.pngTungsten Chromium.pngChromium
0(0) 0(0) 68(15) 2(0) 6(2) 0(0)

*These numbers represent the available resources for production at start of the game. In the bracket are the complete numbers including those lost for trading.

Military[edit]

Here you can type some informative bits about this nation's armed forces in-game in 1936 and the following years.

Army[edit]

Here goes stuff for the land army

Navy[edit]

Here goes naval stuff

Air Force[edit]

Here goes air force stuff

Strategies and Guides[edit]

Put strategies and guides here to help others play this nation. Please post individual guides under its own subheader.

Civil War: Republican side[edit]

This guide should help you get the "The bell tolls for us" achievement.

Spanish civil war is scripted, which means whatever you did before won’t have impact on the repartition of power between republicans and franquists (even elections event). Your troops, navy and air units will be split in two and each side will get half. This is also true tor your stockpile of equipment, and we can take advantage of that. The other aspect to take into consideration is the random start date.

Building Phase[edit]

First take the Political Effort focus. You need to stockpile at least 150 Political Power, to change your production law to Partial Mobilization as soon as the war starts (higher mobilization will reduce your manpower to zero[clarify]). Ideal would be to have 300 Political power ready at the beginning of the war so you can also upgrade your conscription law.[clarify] Your current manpower might not be enough to replace casualties and train more division at the same time. Then focus on Armament Effort, as long as it won’t pop a factory in future franquists states.

Focus on building Military Factories on states that will remain on your side, and will be easy to defend (Valencia or Murcia). If you are lucky you can have a 2-3 ready when the war starts.

Technologically it is always best to improve industry first, but save a slot for improving infantry equipment. Motor/Armor is not required because you won’t have enough industry to build them. Focus on building only infantry Equipment.

Now you need to raise a lot of divisions, to maintain an empty stockpile of equipment (otherwise, it will be shared with the fascist once the civil war starts). But you don’t want to deploy those divisions before the war starts. If you do, some of them will be given to the fascists. So the trick is to regularly check your Army Planner, and cancel divisions that are about to reach max XP and be deployed, and retrain another one immediately after, to avoid the equipment being stockpiled. This way, all the production will get to your side and you might be able to deploy “bonus” divisions on day one of the civil war.

War Phase[edit]

During the war, you should create an army with 6-8 divisions close from Andalucía and Extremadura (South West) and manually rush through those states. There will be 2-3 franquists divisions that you can circle and quickly destroy there. Also create a front from Madrid to Catalonia with the rest. Your rush division will reinforce them later. There should be 3 divisions protecting Navarre, but you should try to make them rally Catalonia. Dropping Navarre early is better than losing 3 divisions or even more while hopelessly defending it. This state will probably be the first target of the extra divisions sent by other fascist powers. Plus thoose division will ber more helpful on the front. You can ask France for military access to safely make your division come home.

Then it is a matter of holding the line, using the Military Factories advantage to produce more infantry equipment. Always be very aware of your divisions’ needs, as enemy divisions will be very well equipped. Spain has lots of hill/mountains terrain, so place your mountaineer manually to benefit from their defense bonus. Franquists will try some offensives and concentrate their forces on some points of the front, but will not have enough divisions to maintain a full line everywhere, leaving provinces unguarded. Use it to you advantage to circle enemy divisions. Focus on counter strikes to gain victory points, this way the war should be over in less than a year, even with numerous divisions sent by fascists great powers.

Joining the Allies[edit]

Appoint a democracy political advisor and fight the civil war against the fascists. Swap government to democracy. Build up 2 armies consisting of around 40 & 20 units of infantry supported by artillery. Guarantee Poland's independence and request military access through France.

When Germany attacks Poland, send your 40 army to the French/Germany boarder and defend there. Send your 20 army to the French/Italian boarder and prepare to attack Italy.

When world war starts, join the allies and invade through Italy. When your army reaches the other side of Switzerland the Germans will move troops there to defend leaving you to attack with your main 40 army through the French/German boarder. Germany should have surrendered by 1941 leaving potentially just Japan on the Axis.

Miscellaneous tips[edit]

Here go miscellaneous tips that don't deserve their own subheader.

Countries
Europe

Albania.png Albania Austria.png Austria Belgium.png Belgium Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia Denmark.png Denmark Estonia.png Estonia Finland.png Finland France.png France German Reich.png German Reich Greece.png Greece Hungary.png Hungary Ireland.png Ireland Italy.png Italy Latvia.png Latvia Lithuania.png Lithuania Luxembourg.png Luxembourg Nationalist Spain.png Nationalist Spain Netherlands.png Netherlands Norway.png Norway Poland.png Poland Portugal.png Portugal Republican Spain.png Republican Spain Kingdom of Romania.png Kingdom of Romania Slovakia.png Slovakia Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Sweden.png Sweden Switzerland.png Switzerland Turkey.png Turkey United Kingdom.png United Kingdom Vichy France.png Vichy France Yugoslavia.png Yugoslavia

North America

Dominion of Canada.png Dominion of Canada Costa Rica.png Costa Rica Cuba.png Cuba Dominican Republic.png Dominican Rep. El Salvador.png El Salvador Guatemala.png Guatemala Haiti.png Haiti Honduras.png Honduras Mexico.png Mexico Republic of Nicaragua.png Republic of Nicaragua Panama.png Panama United States.png United States

South America

Argentina.png Argentina Bolivia.png Bolivia Brazil.png Brazil Chile.png Chile Colombia.png Colombia Ecuador.png Ecuador Paraguay.png Paraguay Peru.png Peru Uruguay.png Uruguay Venezuela.png Venezuela

Asia

Afghanistan.png Afghanistan Bhutan.png Bhutan British Malaya.png British Malaya British Raj.png British Raj China.png China Chinese People's Republic.png People's Republic of China Guangxi Clique.png Guangxi Clique India.png India Iran.png Iran Iraq.png Iraq Israel.png Israel Japan.png Japan Jordan.png Jordan Korea.png Korea Lebanon.png Lebanon Manchukuo.png Manchukuo Mengkukuo.png Mengkukuo Mongolia.png Mongolia Nepal.png Nepal Oman.png Oman Palestine.png Palestine Philippines.png Philippines Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia Shanxi.png Shanxi Siam.png Siam Sinkiang.png Sinkiang Syria.png Syria Tannu Tuva.png Tannu Tuva Tibet.png Tibet Xibei San Ma.png Xibei San Ma Yemen.png Yemen Yunnan.png Yunnan

Africa

Egypt.png Egypt Ethiopia.png Ethiopia Liberia.png Liberia South Africa.png South Africa

Oceania

Australia.png Australia New Zealand.png New Zealand